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Category: Science

Science

Showing 1–20 of 864 results

  • Urban India generates close to 3 million trucks of untreated garbage every day. If these were laid end-to-end, one could reach half way to the moon.

    The need for attention to sanitation and cleanliness is both urgent and long-term.
    This book takes an honest look into India’s perpetual struggle with these issues and suggests measures to overcome them. Historically, we have developed into a society with a skewed mindset towards sanitation with our caste system and non-accountability towards sanitation.
    Through stories, anecdotes and analysis of events, this book seeks solutions to the current entangled problems of urban planning, governance and legislation, and institutional and human capacity building. Wasted traces interesting relationships between urban planning and dirty cities in India; legislative and governance lacunae and the rising height of open landfills; the informality of waste management methods, and the degrading health of Indian rivers, soil and air.
    Arguing that all current solutions of India are extrapolated from these flawed beliefs and structures and are therefore woefully inadequate, Bisen draws a benchmark from clean countries
    of today.
    Underlining the need for inclusive human clusters, specificity in legislation, correction of existing social contracts and governance frameworks, creating a formal resource recovery industry in India, and the pursuit of diplomacy around this industry, this book shows how these solutions could lead us towards a brighter future and better social development.

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  • David Bodanis attempts to expalin the meaning, beauty and implications of the most famous equation in physics. Thanks to his clarity, wit and enthusiasm, he succeeds.’ Simon Singh, Daily Telegraph

    ‘By the end of the astonishing E=mc2, a dedicated reader will have achieved, if only by osmosis, an understanding of Einstein’s theory of relativity and feel quite at ease dining with Nobel Prize winners. It’s a lucid, even thrilling study: the very best kind of science journalism. I didn’t know I could know so much.’ Fay Weldon, Books of the Year, Washington Post

    In 1905, Albert Einstein produced five historic papers that shattered many cherished scientific beliefs. One of those papers introduced the theory of special relativity and his legendary equation, E=mc2. Generations have grown up knowing that equation changed the shape of our world, but without understanding what it really means and why it is so significant.

    In this fascinating biography David Bodanis tells the story of one of the greatest scientific discoveries in history. He looks at the elements ‘e’, ‘m’ and ‘c’; and honours the scientists whose landmark discoveries paved the way for Einstein. He plots the course of the equation through the twentieth century, showing how our lives have been revolutionized by its applications; and looks far ahead to the future.

    But as with any biography, it is the human stories that really ignite the subject – stories of love, courage and tragedy, of near misses, disappointments and disasters that, brought together by Bodanis in this remarkable book, turn Einstein’s seemingly impenetrable theory into a dramatic and accessible human achievement.

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  • Professor Hawking was a brilliant theoretical physicist, an influential author and thinker, and a great popular communicator. Throughout his career he was asked questions by business leaders, politicians, entrepreneurs, academics and the general public on a broad range of subjects, from the origins of the universe to the future of the planet. BRIEF ANSWERS TO THE BIG QUESTIONS brings together his thinking on the most timeless and the most-timely questions in science:

    * Where did we come from?

    * What is inside a black hole?

    * Is there other intelligent life in the universe?

    * How will we survive on earth?

    * How can we colonise space?

    * Will we ever be able to go beyond the Solar System?

    For both the scientific and the intellectually curious, this book celebrates the mind, humour, and achievements of one of the most inspiring figures in recent history.

    The book will include an Afterword from Lucy Hawking and a percentage of all royalties will go to the Motor Neurone Disease Association and the Stephen Hawking Foundation.

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  • An essential look at the unknown story of how Israel has avoided the coming water crisis despite being mostly desert.
    With hardly a day without a water-crisis story somewhere, Let There Be Water offers prescriptions on how countries, cities, and businesses can avoid the worst of it. With sixty percent of the country in a desert and despite a rapidly growing population, Israel has been jumping ahead of the water-innovation curve for decades.

    Israel’s national unity and economic vitality are, in part, the result of a culture and consciousness that understands the central role of water in building a dynamic, thriving society. By boldly thinking about water, Israel has transformed the normally change-averse, water-greedy world of agriculture with innovations like drip irrigation, creation of smart seeds for drought-friendly plants, and careful reuse of highly treated waste-water. Israel has also played a leading role in the emerging desalination revolution.

    Beyond securing its own water supply, Israel has also created a high-export industry in water technology, a timely example of how countries can build their economies while making the world better.

    Built on meticulous research and hundreds of interviews with both world leaders and experts in the field, Let There Be Water tells the inspiring story of how this all came to be.

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  • A collection of the weirdest and wackiest theories from science and history by bestselling author of Elephants on Acid, Alex Boese.

    What if we’re living inside a black hole?
    What if we’ve already found extraterrestrial life?
    What if the dinosaurs died in a nuclear war?
    What if Jesus Christ was actually a mushroom?

    In Psychedelic Apes, bestselling author Alex Boese will delve into the curious scientific subculture of weird theories. Thoroughly bizarre and contrary to the established norm, these ideas are often vehemently rejected by the intellectual community.

    From the creation of the universe to the evolution of humans, the birth of civilization right through to our more recent past, Psychedelic Apes explores some of the craziest ideas from science and history and shows that, sometimes, even the weirdest theories may be proved true . . .

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  • In 1913, a young unschooled Indian clerk wrote a letter to G H Hardy, begging the pre-eminent English mathematician’s opinion on several ideas he had about numbers. Realising the letter was the work of a genius, Hardy arranged for Srinivasa Ramanujan to come to England. Thus began one of the most improbable and productive collaborations ever chronicled.

    With a passion for rich and evocative detail, Robert Kanigel takes us from the temples and slums of Madras to the courts and chapels of Cambridge University, where the devout Hindu Ramanujan, ‘the Prince of Intuition,’ tested his brilliant theories alongside the sophisticated and eccentric Hardy, ‘the Apostle of Proof’. In time, Ramanujan’s creative intensity took its toll: he died at the age of thirty-two and left behind a magical and inspired legacy that is still being plumbed for its secrets today.

    husbands that cheat my boyfriend cheated on me with a guy
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  • IF YOU THINK YOU ARE YOU THINK AGAIN.

    PRIMATE CHANGE is a wide-ranging polemical look at how and why the human body has changed since humankind first got up on two feet. Spanning the entirety of human history – from primate to transhuman – Vybarr Cregan-Reid’s book investigates where we came from who we are today and how modern technology will change us beyond recognition.

    In the last two hundred years humans have made such a tremendous impact on the world that our geological epoch is about to be declared the ‘Anthropocene’ or the Age of Man. But while we have been busy changing the shape of the world we inhabit the ways of living that we have been building have as if under the cover of darkness been transforming our bodies and altering the expression of our DNA too.

    PRIMATE CHANGE beautifully unscrambles the complex architecture of our modern human bodies built over millions of years and only starting to give up on us now.

    ‘Our bodies are in a shock. Modern living is as bracing to the human body as jumping through a hole in the ice. Our bodies do not know what century they were born into and they are defending and deforming themselves in response’

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  • From the earliest-known elements to those named in 2016 this book takes a comprehensive look at the development of the periodic table – and reveals untold stories unsung pioneers and plenty of fascinating science along the way.

    In twelve illustrated chapters the book makes sense of the patterns and groups within the periodic table introducing each of the 118 known elements individually and exploring questions including:

    – Why did the history of fizzy water give early chemistry a sparkle?
    – How did hydrogen reveal the structure of the atom?
    – What was the Bunsen burner’s role in discovering new elements?
    – Which of the alkaline earth metals accounts for a kilogramme of your weight?
    – Why is Marie Curie such a scientific star?
    – How do tungsten and vanadium explain the secret of super-sharp Syrian swords?
    – Who discovered the most elements in the periodic table?
    – What made nihonium element 113 such a wonderful new year’s gift for Japan?
    – Is glass a liquid or a solid?
    – How did nitrogen fulfill the alchemists’ dream?
    – Would you have smeared antimony on your face if you’d lived in ancient Egypt?
    – Why might naked mole rats have clues for surviving a heart attack?
    – How did the Haya people of Tanzania make steel 1500 years ago?
    – What makes xenon a great anaesthetic – and why can’t all patients use it?
    – Might there be a pattern in yet undiscovered elements beyond number 118?

    >

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  • Should we enhance the human condition with technology?
    Does anyone really want to live for a thousand years?
    Could AI end up destroying mankind?

    Discover the incredible potential of mankind’s near future as a Doctor and a Philosopher debate the big questions surrounding the incredible potential of transhumanism . This movement – that seeks to improve the human condition through science – has fast become one of the most controversial the scientific community have ever faced. As scientists in California make great strides in using advanced technology to enhance human intellect and physiology, the ethical and moral questions surrounding its possibilities have never been more pressing. Should we change the way we reproduce? Could we enhance the human body with technology to the point where we are all technically cyborgs? Is it possible to make love to a robot?

    Doctor and entrepreneur Laurent Alexandre and tech-philosopher Jean Michel Besnier go head to head on the big questions in an entertaining and thought-provoking debate on the fundamental principles of transhumanism.

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  • It was Feynman's outrageous and scintillating method of teaching that earned him legendary status among students and professors of physics. From 1961 to 1963 Feynman delivered a series of lectures at the California Institute of Technology that revolutionized the teaching of physics. In Six Not-So-Easy Pieces taken from these famous lectures Feynman delves into one of the most revolutionary discoveries in twentieth-century physics: Einstein's theory of relativity. The idea that the flow of time is not constant that the mass of an object depends on its velocity and that the speed of light is a constant no matter what the motion of the observer at first seemed shocking to scientists and laymen alike. But as Feynman shows these tricky ideas are not merely dry principles of physics but things of beauty and elegance.

    No one—not even Einstein himself—explained these difficult anti-intuitive concepts more clearly or with more verve and gusto than Richard Feynman. Filled with wonderful examples and clever illustrations Six Not-So-Easy Pieces is the ideal introduction to fundamentals of physics by one of the most admired and accessible physicists of all times.

    “There is no better explanation for the scientifically literate layman.”—The Washington Post Book World

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  • This book looks at how language has evolved around the globe from ancestral proto-languages to our recognisable modern tongues. It demonstrates how language has been shaped by social and cultural influences, and even explains how our anatomy affects the articulation, and therefore evolution, of words. Discover the surprising stories behind the
    origin of the written word, the difficulties of decipherment and the challenge of inventing from scratch languages such as Dothraki.

    Combining expert analysis with accessible narrative and fun illustrations, The Secret Life of Language makes even the complex topics of philology, morphology and phonology easy to understand.

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  • Few figures loom as large as Albert Einstein in our contemporary culture. It is truly remarkable that a man from such humble beginnings, an unemployed dreamer without a future or a job, who was written off by his professors as a hopeless loser, could to dare to scale the heights he reached.

    In this enlightening book Michio Kaku reasseses Einstein’s work by centering on his three great theories – special relativity, general relativity and the Unified Field Theory. The first yielded the equation E =mcand#178; which is now such a fixture in our culture that it is practically a ubiquitous slogan. But the subsequent theories led to the Big Bang theory and have changed irrevocably the way we perceive time and space.

    Michio Kaku gives a new, refreshing look at the pioneering work of Einstein, giving a more accurate portrayal of his enduring legacy than previous biographies. As today’s advanced physicists continue their intense search to fulfill Einstein’s most cherished dream, a ‘theory of everything’, he is recognised as a prophet who set the agenda for modern physics.

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  • For so long the brain was the great unknown of human biology; an evolved complex of cells chemicals and electricity which eluded even the understanding of its own grey matter. Now in this comprehensive guide the most complicated concepts from across the field of neuroscience – such as memory addiction and mind mapping – are broken down into easily understandable bite-sized pieces to give everyone the chance to understand their own brain.

    Includes sections on:

    -The anatomy of the brain
    -Neurons synapses and axons – the building blocks of the brain
    -Differences in male and female development
    -Modern treatment of mental illness
    -The effects on the brain of different food and stimulants
    -Memory senses cravings
    -Fight or flight
    -Perception and sensation
    -The future of neuroscience

    >

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  • In The Story of More, Jahren illuminates the link between human consumption habits and our imperiled planet. In short, highly readable chapters, she takes us through the science behind the key inventions – from electric power to large-scale farming and automobiles – that, even as they help us, release untenable amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. She explains the current and projected consequences of greenhouse gases – from superstorms to rising sea levels – and the actions that all of us can take to fight back. At once an explainer on the mechanisms of warming and a lively, personal narrative given to us in Jahren’s inimitable voice, The Story of More is the essential pocket primer on climate change that will leave an indelible impact on everyone who reads it.

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  • Did you know that you have thousands, perhaps millions, of hormones in your bloodstream?

    Did you know that these complex chemical messengers regulate the function of our cells and organs?

    Or that they keep our bodies working properly, co-ordinating processes like growth, fertility and metabolism?

    Meet Your Hormones explores and explains the fascinating world of hidden hormones: what they are, what they do and why you can’t live without these super-fast chemical messengers.

    Including in-depth profiles on each of the most important hormones at work in the human body, and helpful advice on how you can look after your own health through greater knowledge of your hormones, this is a wide-ranging introduction to the secret world inside your own body.

    This book:

    – Explores what hormones are, where they are made and how they work

    – Explains the key functions of the body in which they are involved

    – Offers practical advice on how we can help our hormones help us through diet and lifestyle

    – Examines the latest thinking and cutting-edge research

    – Forms a companion volume to Meet Your Bacteria

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  • How does language work? How do children learn their mother tongue? Why do languages change over time, making Chaucer’s English almost incomprehensible? Steven Pinker explains the profound mysteries of language by picking a deceptively simple single phenomenon and examining it from every angle. That phenomenon ‘ the existence of regular and irregular verbs ‘ connects an astonishing array of topics in the sciences and humanities: the history of languages; the illuminating errors of children as they begin to speak; the sources of the major themes in the history of Western philosophy; the latest techniques in identifying genes and imaging the living brain. Pinker makes sense of all of this with the help of a single, powerful idea: that language comprises a mental dictionary of memorized words and a mental grammar of creative rules

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  • Unravelling the Double Helix covers the most colourful period in the history of DNA, from the discovery of ‘nuclein’ in the late 1860s to the landmark publication of James Watson’s The Double Helix in 1968. These hundred years included the advent of the Nobel Prize, antibiotics, X-ray crystallography and the atom bomb as well as two devastating world wars – events which are strung along the narrative thread of DNA like beads on a necklace.

    The story of DNA is a saga packed with awful mistakes as well as brilliant science, with a wonderful cast of heroes and villains. Surprisingly, much of it is unfamiliar. The elucidation of the double helix was one of the most brilliant gems of twentieth-century science, but some of the scientists who played crucial roles have been airbrushed out of history. Others were plunged into darkness when the spotlight fell on James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin. Watson and Crick solved a magnificent mystery, but Gareth Williams shows that their contribution was to click into place the last few pieces of a gigantic jigsaw puzzle assembled over several decades.

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  • We live in a world that’s more connected than ever before. But even as we see our lives being shaped by the spread of ideas, trends – and even diseases – we sometimes struggle to grasp how it actually works. Outbreaks seem to be driven by randomness and hidden laws, and in order to understand them, we need to start thinking like mathematicians. Here, epidemiologist Adam Kucharski reveals how new mathematical approaches are transforming what we know about contagion – from the revolutionary initiatives that helped tackle gun violence in Chicago to the truth behind the spread of fake news. And along the way, he’ll explain how innovations and emotions can spread through our friendship networks, what STDs can tell us about banking, and why some outbreak predictions go badly wrong.

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  • Their work is changing the world we live in, but what do we really know about their lives beyond the lab? Based on interviews for the hit BBC Radio 4 series, The Life Scientific: Inventors reveals the life and work of some of the foremost scientists in the world, from Nobel laureates to the next generation of beautiful minds. Getting under their skin and into their minds, we find out what first inspired them and what motivates them to keep going.

    The inventors featured in this volume include: Alan Winfield on robots for the twenty-first century; Alison Smith on making biofuels from algae; Wendy Hall on inventing the worldwide web; Ian Wilmut on creating Dolly the sheep; and Ann Dowling on creating a silent aircraft.

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  • <p><b>THE INSTANT <i>NEW YORK TIMES</i> BESTSELLER</b><br><b><br>'Emily Oster is the non-</b><b>judgemental</b><b> girlfriend holding our hand and guiding us through pregnancy and motherhood. She has done the work to get us the hard facts in a soft understandable way' Amy Schumer</b><br><br>Parenting is full of decisions nearly all of which can be agonized over. There is an abundance of often-conflicting advice hurled at you from doctors family friends and strangers on the internet. But the benefits of these choices can be overstated and the trade-offs can be profound. How do you make your own best decision? <br><br> Armed with the data Oster finds that the conventional wisdom doesn't always hold up. She debunks myths and offers non-judgemental ways to consider our options in light of the facts. <i>Cribsheet</i> is a thinking parent's guide that empowers us to make better less fraught decisions – and stay sane in the years before preschool.</p>>

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